Children

Comparing trauma exposure, mental health needs, and service utilization across clinical samples of refugee, immigrant, and US-Origin children

Report Author: 
Betancourt, T. S., Newnham, E. A., Birman, D., Lee, R., Ellis, B. H., & Layne, C. M
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Jun

Although the experiences of immigrant children differ from refugee youth, both groups experience stressors associated with acculturation, resettlement, and potential abuse or community violence. Mental health care is underutilized among refugee youth given that most services do not take into account distinct traumatic experiences and histories resulting from war-related violence.

Source Organization: 
Other

Unaccompanied migrant children in the United States: Predictors of placement stability in long term foster care

Report Author: 
Crea, T. M., Lopez, A., Taylor, T., Underwood, D.
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 May

Beginning in 2011, there was an increase of unaccompanied children from the Central American Northern Triangle (El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras,) entering the U.S. While many children were placed with adult sponsors, about 5%-35% remain in long term foster care (LTFC) waiting for deportation hearings. Research has shown that instability in the foster system such as moving frequently has led to poor outcomes.

Source Organization: 
Other

Addressing health disparities in the mental health of refugee children and adolescents through community-based participatory research: A study in 2 communities

Report Author: 
Bentancourt, T.S., Frounfelker, R., Mishra, T., Hussein, A., & Falzarano, R.
Original Date of Publication: 
2015 Jul

Refugee youth have a much higher risk of experiencing psychological distress and mental health disorders than their non-refugee U.S. peers. Much of this elevated risk is due to "multiple acute and chronic stressors" that youth face throughout their refugee experience. To explore the mental health needs and community strengths of Somali Bantu and Bhutanese refugee youth in Massachusetts, this study utilized a community-based participatory research approach - a method that ensures the communities being studied are meaningfully involved at all research stages.

Source Organization: 
Other

Missing Out: Refugee Education in Crisis

Report Author: 
The UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR)
Original Date of Publication: 
2016 Sep

This report tells the stories of some of the world's six million refugee children and adolescents under UNHCR's mandate who are of primary and secondary school-going age between 5 and 17. In addition, it looks at the educational aspirations of refugee youth eager to continue learning after secondary education. Education data on refugee enrolments and population numbers is drawn from UNHCR's population data base, reporting tools and education surveys. The data refers to the 2015-16 school year.

Source Organization: 
Other

The Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program in North Carolina: Perspectives from Immigrants and Community-Based Organizations

Report Author: 
Hannah Gill and Sara Peña
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Jan

The Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program, which provides work authorization and a two-year reprieve for some young, undocumented immigrants, affects both the individual granted the reprieve and the broader economy. The Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program in North Carolina: Perspectives from Immigrants and Community-Based Organizations examines the impact of the program in the state with the highest application rate for the first two years of DACA’s existence.

Report File: 
Source Organization: 
Other

Changing the Course of Family Literacy

Report Author: 
Carol Clymer, Blaire Willson Toso, Elisabeth Grinder & Ruth Parrish Sauder
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Jan

Despite the demise of targeted federal funding for family literacy programs in 2011 (known as the Even Start program), states continue to support family literacy programs as a useful strategy for combatting intergenerational poverty.

Source Organization: 
Other

Mass Deportations Would Impoverish US Families and Create Immense Social Costs

Report Author: 
Robert Warren and Donald Kerwin
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Feb

This paper assesses the impact of large-scale deportations on mixed-status families, i.e. families comprised of both documented and undocumented members. In 2014, there were 6.6 million US-born citizens residing in 3 million households with undocumented residents (usually parents). Of these US-born citizens, 5.7 million are children under the age of 18.

Source Organization: 
Other

The Evolving and Diversifying Nature of Migration to the U.S.-Mexican Border

Report Author: 
Jessica Bolter
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Feb

Due to historically low levels of Mexican migration in recent years, unauthorized migrants through the southern border are now more likely to come from Central American countries, such as El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras, as well as from countries in the Caribbean, Asia and Africa. This article argues that policy changes are necessary given the growing diversity of arrivals.

Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

Language Diversity and English Proficiency in the United States

Report Author: 
Jeanne Batalova and Jie Zong
Original Date of Publication: 
2016 Nov

A new study reveals that 25.9 million individuals in the United States were Limited English Proficient (LEP) in 2015, including roughly half of the foreign-born population of 43.3 million. In “Language Diversity and English Proficiency in the United States,” the Migration Policy Institute presents a profile of LEP individuals ages five and older using Census data from 1980-2015.

Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

Overview of Refugee Resettlement in the United States

Report Author: 
Kristie De Peña
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Mar

Overview of Refugee Resettlement in the United States

Though the federal government retains control of the refugee resettlement process in the United States, it must consult with individual states for effective and responsible resettlement. The Niskanen Center's report, Overview of Refugee Resettlement in the United States, provides a summary and assessment of U.S. refugee resettlement.

Source Organization: 
Other
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