National

The Immigrant Right to Work

Report Author: 
Geoffrey Heeren
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Sep

The author reviews over 100 years of political and legal history to make the case that unauthorized residents of the United States have a right work.  A key starting point is that there is currently no statute that actually prevents unauthorized immigrants from working (if they do not present false papers). Rather, through employer sanctions and related policies there is a putative illegality that forces undocumented workers into conditions that limit their choice of employment and reduces their labor rights, mainly through fears of deportation.

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Other

Gender-Based Violence against Women: Both Cause for Migration and Risk along the Journey

Report Author: 
Anja Parish
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Sep

This brief addresses gender-based violence that may cause women to migrate, as well as the prevalence of such violence along the journey and the vulnerable position female migrants are in when arriving in a country of first asylum.  The author notes that increasingly rape and sexual violence have become military strategies, often used within a single country when there are multiple factions fighting for control.  Evidence is presented from all over the world

Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

Immigration and the Bully Pulpit

Report Author: 
Jennifer M. Chacón
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 May

This essay looks at how the Trump administration's approach to immigration, while powered by a "rhetoric of unconstrained severity," has "deep roots" in the policies of the previous two administrations and represents a "doubling-down on some of the least productive approaches to enforcement."  The first part of the essay describes the enforcement landscape of the Obama administration and how that landscape changed over time.

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Other

National Interests and Common Ground in the US Immigration Debate: How to Legalize the US Immigration System and Permanently Reduce Its Undocumented Population

Report Author: 
Donald Kerwin & Robert Warren
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Apr

The authors of this paper sketch out a path to reducing the undocumented population in the U.S. through fundamental reform of our immigration system. In their plan, they seem less concerned with "amnesty" programs and more with reforms that will ensure that the undocumented population does not grow again in the future. The paper begins with an analysis of presidential signing statements for immigration-related legislation going back to 1924. "These statements," according to the authors, "reveal broad consensus on the interests and values that the U.S.

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Other

The Ten Parts of 'Illegal' in 'Illegal Immigration' that I Do Not Understand

Report Author: 
Kari E. Hong
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Apr

The author frames this paper as a response to the question often asked by those in favor of harsher immigration enforcement - "What part of illegal in illegal immigration do you not understand?" While the paper specifies ten distinct problems with the concept of "illegal immigrant," several themes arise. For example, the author refutes the idea that those who are undocumented are willingly in this status.

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Other

A Revolving Door No More? A Statistical Profile of Mexican Adults Repatriated from the United States

Report Author: 
Ryan Schultheis and Ariel G. Ruiz Soto
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 May

Return migration to the United States by deportees from Mexico has slowed down significantly in the past decade. The Migration Policy Institute report, A Revolving Door No More? A Statistical Profile of Mexican Adults Repatriated from the United States, gives a statistical and demographic profile of Mexican adults returned by the United States government between 2005 and 2015 using data collected by the Mexican Interior Ministry.

Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

Pre-Migration Trauma Exposure and Mental Health Functioning among Central American Migrants Arriving at the US Border

Report Author: 
Allen Keller, Amy Joscelyne, Megan Granski, Barry Rosenfeld
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Jan

In recent years, the influx of families and children from Central America arriving at the US border has been deemed an "urgent humanitarian situation." Examining how the experiences of migrants correspond with the requirements for asylum status can powerfully inform public discourse and policy.  This report focuses on migrants from the Northern Triangle region, formed by El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras, and considers their pre-migration trauma, current mental health functioning, reasons for leaving the region, and rate at which they appeared to satisfy the legal criteria for asylum

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Organisational systems’ approaches to improving cultural competence in healthcare: a systematic scoping review of the literature

Report Author: 
Janya McCalman, Crystal Jongen, & Roxanne Bainbridge
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Oct

Noting that the scope of cultural competence has expanded beyond the interpersonal domain to address system-level factors, the authors of this study set about to determine the evidence base for a systems approach to eliminating inequities in health care.

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Other

Beyond Economics: Fears of Cultural Displacement Pushed the White Working Class to Trump | PRRI/The Atlantic Report

Report Author: 
Daniel Cox, Ph.D., Rachel Lienesch, Robert P. Jones, Ph.D.
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 May

The white working class voted for Donald Trump over Hillary Clinton in the 2016 U.S. presidential election by a margin of roughly two to one. To illuminate the characteristics, attitudes and experiences that were most significant in predicting white working-class voters' support for Trump, researchers at the Public Religion Research Institute (PRRI) tested a variety of demographic, cultural and economic factors before and after the election that may have influenced these voters.

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Is Border Enforcement Effective? What We Know and What It Means

Report Author: 
Edward Alden
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Oct

For the first time, evidence is now available to settle the ongoing debate between the "enforcers," i.e. people who believe that strengthened border enforcement can significantly reduce illegal immigration, and their critics, who believe that economic opportunity would continue to drive illegal migration despite the billions of dollars spent on border security. According to the author of this essay, the enforcers have won the argument.

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