Research

Enhancing attitudes toward stigmatized groups with movies: Mediating and moderating processes of narrative persuasion

Report Author: 
Juan-Jose Igartua & Fancisco J. Frutos
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Nov

Unfortunately, immigrant populations sometimes face the ramifications of xenophobic rhetoric.  However, empathy arousing films can turn negative viewpoints of a group into more positive attitudes and beliefs. In a study by Igartua and Frutos (2017), student participants viewed

Report File: 
Source Organization: 
Other

Stereotyped identification: How identifying with fictional Latina characters increases acceptance and stereotyping

Report Author: 
Bryan McLaughlin, Nathian S. Rodriguez, Joshua A. Dunn & Jobi Martinez
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Apr

Film and media are powerful tools of influence. Although the messages can positively influence greater acceptance of certain groups, they can also intentionally or unintentionally create and uphold stereotypes of immigrants. A study by Mclaughlin, Rodriguez, Dunn, & Martinez (2018) demonstrates how television portrayals of Latina women allow viewers to cognitively and emotionally identify with the characters. This resonating identification in media increases viewers' empathy towards and acceptance of actual Latina women and immigrants on a large scale.

Source Organization: 
Other

Integrating Muslim immigrant minorities: The effects of narrative and statistical messages

Report Author: 
Magdalena Wojcieszak, Rachid Azrout, Hajo Boomgaarden, Amanda Paz Alencar, & Penelope Sheets
Original Date of Publication: 
2015 Dec

Many immigrants utilize television and film as a way to immerse themselves in the language, values, and culture of the country to which they have moved. At times, the values and beliefs of immigrants may clash with those of their new country. A study in the Netherlands tested if media narratives or statistical data would be effective in integrating Muslim immigrants with differing values and beliefs than the majority of Dutch residents. Study participants were given either a vignette with a personal story or statistical data on a culturally controversial topic (e.g.

Source Organization: 
Other

To walk a mile in someone else's shoes: How narratives can change causal attribution through story exploration and character customization

Report Author: 
Nathan Walter, Sheila T. Murphy & Traci K Gillig
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Dec

Fictional narratives are often an effective way to deliver "prosocial messages," and storytelling has been utilized to increase empathy and understanding toward people who belong to stigmatized groups. One way in which changed attitudes can be measured is by examining the causal attributions that a reader makes. Causal attributions refer to the reader's judgments about whether internal or external characteristics are to blame for a character's negative outcomes or actions.

Source Organization: 
Other

(Un)documented immigrant media makers and the search for connection online

Report Author: 
Sarah C. Bishop
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Jul

Social media serves as an important space for some undocumented youth to create and share their own narratives with a general audience through art, photography, film, writing, and other forms of digital media. Online platforms fill a gap for many undocumented youth, who are often excluded from higher education and the academic world. Social media and other online platforms are a space where undocumented youth can counter mainstream anti-immigrant narratives and stereotypes. As such, digital connection can help reduce isolation and can function as a "communal coping" mechanism.

Source Organization: 
Other

A Profile of Immigrants from Travel-Ban Affected Countries in the United States

Report Author: 
Mohammad Ismael Nooraddini
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Apr

This study looks at the geographic distribution and characteristics of the approximately 800,000 immigrants already living in the United States from seven of the countries covered by travel ban imposed by the Trump administration on September 25, 2017: Iran, Libya, North Korea, Somalia, Syria, Venezuela, and Yemen. The data indicate that these immigrants are employed, highly educated, have high incomes, own their own homes, and are making impressive contributions to the larger society.

Source Organization: 
Other

Evolution of the H-1B: Latest Trends in a Program on the Brink of Reform

Report Author: 
Sarah Pierce & Julia Gelatt
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Mar

This issue brief examines the main features of the H-1B temporary worker program, including the background of visa holders, the types of companies they work for, and latest trends in the operation of the program. The report notes that the H-1B program has been growing, with much of the growth due to the fact that there is a long wait for employment-based green cards, particularly for Indian nationals. H-1B visa holders may renew their temporary visas until a green card is available.

Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

Leveraging Social Science Expertise in Immigration Policymaking

Report Author: 
Ming Hsu Chen
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Apr

Why is social science expertise important in policymaking, and why is such expertise noticeably shunned in immigration policymaking, an area of governance often swirling in a sea of misinformation, prejudice, and political posturing? These are two questions that the author of this paper seeks to answer.

Report File: 
Source Organization: 
Other

How the Trump Administration’s Plan Would Shape the Composition of Immigration: First Numerical Estimates

Report Author: 
Michael Clemens & Jimmy Graham
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Jan

The Trump Administration proposals for cuts to legal immigration are embodied in the Securing America’s Future Act of 2018 (H.R. 4760), filed in the U.S. House of Representatives in January, 2018. According to estimates in this report, the bill, if enacted, would substantially change the racial, religious and educational characteristics of new U.S. immigrants. The New Immigrant Survey, conducted in 2003, permits analysis of H.R. 4760’s potential impact on new immigrants’ characteristics.

Source Organization: 
Other

Bringing Evidence to the Refugee Integration Debate

Report Author: 
Hamutal Bernstein with Nicole DuBois
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Apr

This report provides a summary of "the prodigious research evidence about refugees in the US." The authors seek to ground policymaking in the existing research base (focusing on five major studies produced in recent years), as well as to identify gaps in research that should be addressed in the future. Overall, the existing studies show that labor force participation rates for refugees rise over time, often exceeding native-born rates, refugee income levels rise, and their use of public benefits declines.

Source Organization: 
American Federation of Teachers