Research

Municipal Suffrage, Sanctuary Cities, and the Contested Meaning of Citizenship

Report Author: 
Kenneth Stahl
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Jan

Adapted from his forthcoming book, The Democratic City: Local Citizenship in the Time of Globalization, this blog post by Kenneth Stahl examines how differing rules regarding suffrage at the local and federal level suggest the existence of different models of citizenship. For example, while San Francisco, Chicago and a few municipalities in Maryland grant non-citizens the right to vote in certain local elections, these individuals are barred from voting in state and federal elections.

Source Organization: 
Other

The U.S. Undocumented Population Fell Sharply During the Obama Era: Estimates for 2016

Report Author: 
Robert Warren
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Feb

The undocumented immigrant population in the United States fell by nearly 1 million persons between the years 2010 and 2016 -- from 11.7 million to 10.8 million. The number of undocumented is at its lowest level since 2003.The largest undocumented group, persons from Mexico, has declined sharply. Undocumented Mexicans numbered 6.6 million in 2010 but fell to 5.7 million in 2016. Populations from South America (Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru) and Europe (Poland) also fell between 2010 and 2016.

Source Organization: 
Other

Evaluation activities and influences at the intersection of medical and social services

Report Author: 
Gottlieb, L., Ackerman. S., Wing, H., & Adler, N.
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Aug

Social determinants of health (SDH) have long influenced health-care based strategies; however, there has been little to no research regarding the impacts these SDH focused interventions have in clinical settings. In order to better understand this arena, a study comprised of 30 interviews with researchers was conducted, in order to uncover inside details regarding agencies bridging health and social service delivery. This study points out a clear lack of research on interventions which focus on the impact that programs which integrate social and medical care delivery can have on clients.

Source Organization: 
Other

Addressing behavioral health disparities for Somali immigrants through group cognitive behavioral therapy led by community health workers

Report Author: 
Pratt, R., Ahmed, M., Noor, S., Sharif, H., Raymond, N., & Williams, C
Original Date of Publication: 
2015 Dec

Community health workers have the potential to be utilized in a wide range of contexts, including to reduce mental health disparities among immigrant and refugee communities. This study examined the mental health outcomes for a group of Somali women in Minnesota, who come from a community where Western mental health services are often viewed as "a last resort". The women participated in a group cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) intervention delivered by trained Somali women community health workers.

Source Organization: 
Other

Effective strategies for Affordable Care Act enrollment in immigrant-serving safety net clinics in New Mexico

Report Author: 
Getrich, C., García, J., Solares, A., & Kano, M.
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 May

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) has been widely viewed as a mechanism for reducing health disparities through expanding insurance coverage and thus healthcare access. However, the ACA distinguishes between lawfully present and unauthorized immigrants, with the latter being excluded from the ACA's insurance enrollment options. This study interviewed healthcare providers at safety net clinics (including community health centers) in New Mexico, one of the country's poorest states whose population is also 47.7% Hispanic (many of whom are immigrants).

Source Organization: 
Other

The healthcare needs of Latinos with serious mental illness and the potential of peer navigators

Report Author: 
Corrigan, P., Torres, W., Lara, A., Sheehan, J., & Larson, L
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Jul

The healthcare needs of Latinxs with severe mental illness, barriers to accessing care, potential solutions to those barriers and the possibility that peer navigators might be able to fill the gap were addressed by this study. Through a community-based participatory research (CBPR) model in which Latinxs with a lived experience of severe mental illness were involved at all stages of the process, focus groups and interviews were conducted with members of several Latinx communities in Chicago.

Source Organization: 
Other

Health care service utilization of documented and undocumented hired farmworkers in the U.S.

Report Author: 
Luo, T., & Escalante, C.L.
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Nov

Access to healthcare is a major concern for documented and undocumented immigrant farmworkers.  According to Luo and Escalante (2017), immigrants constitute over half of the U.S. agriculture sector, but are significantly less likely to seek health care services than other farmworkers. Furthermore, the authors' research revealed that undocumented farmworkers are 10.7% less likely to seek health care services than migrant workers with a legal immigration status.

Source Organization: 
Other

Differential patterns of healthcare service use among Chinese and Korean immigrant elders.

Report Author: 
Kang, S.Y., Kim, I., & Kim, W.
Original Date of Publication: 
2016 Dec

Limited research has analyzed healthcare utilization of Asian immigrant elders who live in geographic areas without supportive ethnic communities. To address this gap in literature, Kang, Kim, and Kim examined the predisposing, enabling and need factor correlates affecting healthcare service use of Chinese and Korean elders in Arizona. For both subgroups, familial support of the elder is an important factor in increasing elders' healthcare utilization, whereas intergenerational differences may impact elders' healthcare usage.

Source Organization: 
Other

Immigration policies and mental health morbidity among Latinos: A state-level analysis

Report Author: 
Hatzenbuehler, M.L., Prins, S.J., Flake, M., Philbin, M., Frazer, M.S., Hagen, D., & Hirsch, J.
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Feb

Social workers understand the importance of analyzing their client in the context of their environment. Macro structures (e.g. policy) have a direct impact on the mental health disparities and vulnerabilities of Latino populations. According to research by Hatzenbuehler et al. (2017), Latinos living in environments with exclusionary immigration policies and climates have significantly higher rates of poor mental health days than Latinos in less exclusionary environments.

Source Organization: 
Other

Deconstructing the legal process for the immigrant population in the United States: Ethical implications for mental health professionals

Report Author: 
Florence J. Lewis, Song E. Paik and Chi-Fang Tseng
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Jun

Understanding immigration legal processes is a necessary skill that many mental health professionals working with immigrant clients lack. Florence, Paik, and Tseng (2017) offer a brief introduction to the legal processes and types of immigration aid available to clients, while addressing the strengths and stressors involved so mental health professionals can competently treat immigrant clients. The article discusses obstacles and eligibility requirements that may prevent immigrant clients from obtaining visas or immigration relief (e.g. limited financial means).

Source Organization: 
Other