Research

Ready to work: Understanding Immigrant Skills in the United States to Build a Competitive Workforce

Report Author: 
Rob Paral
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Aug

In order to maximize the potential of foreign-born workers in the U.S., policy makers and practitioners in the workforce development field must first understand the diverse characteristics, assets and needs of immigrants. This report provides a detailed portrait of the foreign-born working population in the U.S., emphasizing sociodemographic characteristics, immigration status, geographic distribution, and levels of education and training.

Report File: 
Source Organization: 
Other

The Value of Family-Based Immigration

Report Author: 
Greg Chen and Diane Rish
Original Date of Publication: 
2018 Jan

The Trump administration seeks to make drastic cuts to America's family-based immigration system and uses the pejorative term "chain migration" to refer to the immigration of close family members. This paper by the American Immigration Lawyers Association (AILA) describes the categories of relatives who are eligible to come to the U.S. through the family immigration system and the various hoops they must jump through before being awarded an immigrant visa.

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Source Organization: 
Other

Child Care Choices of Low-Income, Immigrant Families with Young Children: Findings from the National Survey of Early Care and Education

Report Author: 
Heather Sandstrom & Julia Gelatt
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Nov

Immigrants' use of early childhood care and education has been the topic of numerous studies, but what factors drive immigrant caregivers' use of these services? In this report, the authors use National Survey of Early Care and Education data to explore child-care decisions of immigrant and U.S.-born families. Noting that the most salient differences are not always between immigrant and non-immigrant parents, the authors emphasize the distinction between children of recent immigrants with low English proficiency (LEP) and children of U.S.

Source Organization: 
The Urban Institute

Will DREAMers Crowd U.S.-Born Millennials Out of Jobs?

Report Author: 
Jeanne Batalova & Michael Fix
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Dec

This "commentary" piece challenges the argument that legislation to regularize the status of DREAMers will adversely affect the job prospects of U.S.-born millennials.  The authors bring forth three main arguments to support their position. First, DREAMers represent a very small share of the overall millennial population nation-wide (about 1 percent); second, DREAMers tend to be concentrated in states like California, Texas, Illinois, New York, and Florida. These states account for just 33 percent of Black and 28 percent of White millennials.

Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

Wages and High-Skilled Immigration: How the Government Calculates Prevailing Wages and Why It Matters

Report Author: 
Amy Marmer Nice
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Dec

The H-1B temporary work classification is an immigration status that allows U.S. employers to hire foreign nationals to work in a "specialty occupation" or a highly skilled position that typically requires a bachelor's degree. An employer applying for an H-1B worker must satisfy the prevailing wage requirement for hiring an immigrant worker, i.e.

Source Organization: 
Other

Population diversity as a crucial source of long-term prosperity in the US

Report Author: 
VOX, Centre for Economic Policy Research
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Nov

Despite the fear and misunderstanding surrounding the issue of immigration, little research has explored the long-term economic impact of immigration--especially in places that have historically experienced high immigration levels. "Population diversity as a crucial source for long-term prosperity in the U.S." examines whether a more diverse population encourages or hinders economic growth compared to a more homogeneous population. Relying on birthplace data at the county level, the study analyzes U.S.

Source Organization: 
Other

America's Demographic Challenge: Understanding the Role of Immigration

Report Author: 
Kenneth Megan & Theresa Cardinal Brown
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Aug

With numerous charts and graphs, this paper outlines the projected growth of various age segments of the U.S. population, showing that the native-born, working-age population will grow much more slowly than the foreign-born working-age population. The relative growth of the 65-and-over population will present economic challenges. In particular, the Social Security trust fund is projected to be depleted by 2034, assuming that current levels of immigration remain relatively constant.

Source Organization: 
Other

Immigrant Founders of the 2017 Fortune 500

Report Author: 
Center for American Entrepreneurship
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Dec

Since 1955, Fortune Magazine has annually ranked the top 500 publically listed and private companies in the U.S. by revenue. In 2011, 40 percent of the "Fortune 500" companies had at least one founder who was a first generation immigrant or child of an immigrant. By 2017, according to this study from the Center for American Entrepreneurship, the number of firms founded or co-founded by first or second generation immigrants had increased to 43 percent.

Source Organization: 
Other

Living in an Immigrant Family in America: How Fear and Toxic Stress are affecting Daily Life, Well-Being, & Health

Report Author: 
Samantha Artiga & Petry Ubri
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Dec

According to this report, immigrant families from various backgrounds are living with increased fear and uncertainty due to the current political climate. The election of Donald Trump has led to policies that increase immigration enforcement and restrict the entry of immigrants from selected countries. These policies can potentially impact 23 million non-citizens who live in the United States, as well as 12 million children who are predominantly U.S.-born.

Source Organization: 
Other

Becoming White: How Mass Warfare Turned Immigrants into Americans

Report Author: 
Soumyajit Mazumdar
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Dec

The major thesis of this paper is that the state can play a central role in helping immigrants forge a national identity. The mobilization of millions of men to fight during World War I, many of whom were immigrants, following so soon after a great period of migration, provides an excellent test case. Based on data gathered from the 1930 U.S. Census, Mazumdar investigates the relationship between war service and cultural assimilation.

Source Organization: 
Other