Research

Addressing behavioral health disparities for Somali immigrants through group cognitive behavioral therapy led by community health workers

Report Author: 
Pratt, R., Ahmed, M., Noor, S., Sharif, H., Raymond, N., & Williams, C
Original Date of Publication: 
2015 Dec

Community health workers have the potential to be utilized in a wide range of contexts, including to reduce mental health disparities among immigrant and refugee communities. This study examined the mental health outcomes for a group of Somali women in Minnesota, who come from a community where Western mental health services are often viewed as "a last resort". The women participated in a group cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) intervention delivered by trained Somali women community health workers.

Source Organization: 
Other

Effective strategies for Affordable Care Act enrollment in immigrant-serving safety net clinics in New Mexico

Report Author: 
Getrich, C., García, J., Solares, A., & Kano, M.
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 May

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) has been widely viewed as a mechanism for reducing health disparities through expanding insurance coverage and thus healthcare access. However, the ACA distinguishes between lawfully present and unauthorized immigrants, with the latter being excluded from the ACA's insurance enrollment options. This study interviewed healthcare providers at safety net clinics (including community health centers) in New Mexico, one of the country's poorest states whose population is also 47.7% Hispanic (many of whom are immigrants).

Source Organization: 
Other

The healthcare needs of Latinos with serious mental illness and the potential of peer navigators

Report Author: 
Corrigan, P., Torres, W., Lara, A., Sheehan, J., & Larson, L
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Jul

The healthcare needs of Latinxs with severe mental illness, barriers to accessing care, potential solutions to those barriers and the possibility that peer navigators might be able to fill the gap were addressed by this study. Through a community-based participatory research (CBPR) model in which Latinxs with a lived experience of severe mental illness were involved at all stages of the process, focus groups and interviews were conducted with members of several Latinx communities in Chicago.

Source Organization: 
Other

Health care service utilization of documented and undocumented hired farmworkers in the U.S.

Report Author: 
Luo, T., & Escalante, C.L.
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Nov

Access to healthcare is a major concern for documented and undocumented immigrant farmworkers.  According to Luo and Escalante (2017), immigrants constitute over half of the U.S. agriculture sector, but are significantly less likely to seek health care services than other farmworkers. Furthermore, the authors' research revealed that undocumented farmworkers are 10.7% less likely to seek health care services than migrant workers with a legal immigration status.

Source Organization: 
Other

Differential patterns of healthcare service use among Chinese and Korean immigrant elders.

Report Author: 
Kang, S.Y., Kim, I., & Kim, W.
Original Date of Publication: 
2016 Dec

Limited research has analyzed healthcare utilization of Asian immigrant elders who live in geographic areas without supportive ethnic communities. To address this gap in literature, Kang, Kim, and Kim examined the predisposing, enabling and need factor correlates affecting healthcare service use of Chinese and Korean elders in Arizona. For both subgroups, familial support of the elder is an important factor in increasing elders' healthcare utilization, whereas intergenerational differences may impact elders' healthcare usage.

Source Organization: 
Other

Immigration policies and mental health morbidity among Latinos: A state-level analysis

Report Author: 
Hatzenbuehler, M.L., Prins, S.J., Flake, M., Philbin, M., Frazer, M.S., Hagen, D., & Hirsch, J.
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Feb

Social workers understand the importance of analyzing their client in the context of their environment. Macro structures (e.g. policy) have a direct impact on the mental health disparities and vulnerabilities of Latino populations. According to research by Hatzenbuehler et al. (2017), Latinos living in environments with exclusionary immigration policies and climates have significantly higher rates of poor mental health days than Latinos in less exclusionary environments.

Source Organization: 
Other

Deconstructing the legal process for the immigrant population in the United States: Ethical implications for mental health professionals

Report Author: 
Florence J. Lewis, Song E. Paik and Chi-Fang Tseng
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Jun

Understanding immigration legal processes is a necessary skill that many mental health professionals working with immigrant clients lack. Florence, Paik, and Tseng (2017) offer a brief introduction to the legal processes and types of immigration aid available to clients, while addressing the strengths and stressors involved so mental health professionals can competently treat immigrant clients. The article discusses obstacles and eligibility requirements that may prevent immigrant clients from obtaining visas or immigration relief (e.g. limited financial means).

Source Organization: 
Other

Sufficiently safeguarded?: Competency evaluations of mentally ill respondents in removal proceedings

Report Author: 
Sarah Sherman-Stokes
Original Date of Publication: 
2016 May

The outcomes of civil immigration cases, such as removal proceedings and asylum, have serious implications for migrants. The complex and confusing systems, processes, and practices of immigration court are compounded for immigrants who are incompetent or have mental illnesses. Therefore, immigrants deemed mentally incompetent are sometimes given court appointed legal counsel or guardians, but not assistance from mental health professionals.

Source Organization: 
Other

Defending criminal(ized) aliens after Padilla: Toward a more holistic public immigration defense in the era of crimmigration

Report Author: 
Andres Dae Keun Kwon
Original Date of Publication: 
2016 May

In 2010 under Padilla v. Kentucky, the Supreme Court issued that criminal defense attorneys, including public defenders, must advise their clients about the potential immigration implications of their criminal case. In response, many legal firms began hiring immigration experts to supplement their legal team. In 1997, the trailblazing Bronx Defenders (BxD), a legal firm offering free legal counsel, adopted a holistic approach to legal services.

Source Organization: 
Other

DHS Overestimates Visa Overstays for 2016: Overstay Population Growth Near Zero During the Year

Report Author: 
Robert Warren
Original Date of Publication: 
2017 Dec

In 2017, the Department of Homeland Security released a report on visa overstays, i.e. non-immigrants admitted to the United States on temporary visas, e.g. visitors, students, who had not departed the country by the expiration date of their authorized stay. The report found that there were 628,799 people in this category in 2016 and provided detailed breakdowns by country of origin. This paper assesses the credibility of these estimates for 133 countries by comparing them to estimates derived by the Center for Migration Studies of New York using a different methodology.

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Source Organization: 
Other